Cranmer, Thomas

► (1489-1556) Primer arzobispo anglicano de Canterbury. Redactó los 42 Artículos de Fe.

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(2 jul. 1489, Aslacton, Nottinghamshire, Inglaterra–21 mar. 1556, Oxford).

Primer arzobispo protestante (ver protestantismo) de Canterbury. Educado en la Universidad de Cambridge, se ordenó en 1523. Se vio envuelto en las negociaciones de Enrique VIII con el papa acerca del divorcio de ese rey con Catalina de Aragón. Enrique lo nombró arzobispo de Canterbury en 1533, situándolo en una posición que contribuyera al derrumbe de la supremacía papal en Inglaterra. Anuló el matrimonio de Enrique con Catalina, y apoyó el nuevo matrimonio con Ana Bolena, para luego ayudarlo a divorciarse de ella. Después de la muerte de Enrique VIII en 1547, Cranmer pasó a ser un influyente consejero del joven Eduardo VI, y orientó con firmeza a Inglaterra hacia el protestantismo. Escribió los cuarenta y dos artículos de los que derivaron los treinta y nueve artículos de la creencia anglicana. Cuando María I, enconada antiprotestante subió al trono, Cranmer fue juzgado, condenado por herejía y quemado en la hoguera.

Thomas Cranmer, detalle de una pintura al óleo de G. Fliccius, 1546; National Portrait ...
Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Cranmer, Thomas — born July 2, 1489, Aslacton, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died March 21, 1556, Oxford First Protestant archbishop of Canterbury. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he was ordained in 1523. He became involved in Henry VIII s negotiations with the… …   Universalium

  • Cranmer, Thomas — (1489 1556)    martyred author of the Book of Common Prayer    Chief author of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer, Thomas Cranmer was remembered even more for his martyrdom during the reign of Mary I, which helped win her the name Bloody Mary.… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • CRANMER, Thomas — (1489 1556) Thomas Cranmer, the archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII* and Edward VI, was at the helm of much of the English Reformation, but he was eventually executed during the reign of Mary I.* Cranmer was born in… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Cranmer, Thomas — (1489–1556)    Liturgist, Archbishop and Martyr.    Cranmer was born in Nottinghamshire and was educated at the University of Cambridge. He was useful to King Henry VIII in the matter of his divorce from Queen Catherine of Aragon and, in… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Cranmer, Thomas — (1489 1556)    Theologian and Churchman, b. at Aslacton, Notts, ed. at Camb., and became an eminent classical and biblical scholar. He supported Henry VIII. in his divorce proceedings against Queen Catherine, gained the King s favour, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Cranmer,Thomas — Cran·mer (krănʹmər), Thomas. 1489 1556. English prelate who as archbishop of Canterbury (1533 1553) was instrumental in the marital machinations of Henry VIII, revised the Book of Common Prayer (1552), and instituted other reforms. Under Mary I,… …   Universalium

  • CRANMER, THOMAS —    archbishop of Canterbury, born in Nottinghamshire; educated at Jesus College, Cambridge; recommended himself to Henry VIII. by favouring his divorce, writing in defence of it, and pleading for it before the Pope, the latter in vain, as it… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • CRANMER, Thomas — (1489 1556)    ARCHBISHOP of CANTERBURY And prominent PROTESTANT REFORMER whose prose the Book of Common Prayer (1552) helped shape the English language. He was burnt at the stake for HERESY during the reign of MARY TUDOR, Queen of England and… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Cranmer — Cranmer, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Cranmer — Cranmer redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Cranmer (surname). Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury Portrait by Gerlach Flicke, 1545[ …   Wikipedia

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